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Existing Kurdish alphabets

Júrey Pítekaní Alfabéy (Elfubéy ئه‌لفوبێ) Kurdí

Yekgirtú
(Unified Kurdish)
North Kurdish
(Latin Kurmanjî)
North Kurdish
(Cyrillic Kurmanjí)
Central Kurdish
(Soraní - modified Arabic)
A   a A   a A   a ئا   ـا   ا
B   b B   b Б   б ب   ـبـ   ـب   بـ
C   c Ç   ç Ч   ч چ   ـچ   ـچـ   چـ
D d D d Д   д د   ــد
E e E e Ә   ә ە   ـه   ئە
É   é Ê   ê E   e  (Э э) ێ   ـێ   ـێـ   ێـ   ئێـ
F   f F   f Ф   ф ف   ـف   ـفـ   فـ
G   g G   g Г   г گ   ـگ   ـگـ   گــ
H   h H   h h   h هـ   ـهـ
I   i I   i Ь   ь نا نوسرى
Í   í Î   î И   и ى   ئى   ـيـ   يـ
J   j C   c Щ   щ ج   ـج   ـجـ   جـ
Jh   jh J   j Ж   ж ژ   ـژ  
K   k K   k К   к ک   ـک   ـکـ   کــ
L   l L   l Л   л ل   ـل   ـلـ   لــ
ll Nîne Л’  л’ ڵ   ـڵ   ـڵـ   ڵــ
M   m M   m M   м م   ـم   ـمـ   مــ
N   n N   n Н  н ن   ـن   ـنـ   نــ
O   o O   o O   o ۆ   ـۆ   ئۆ
P   p P   p П   п پ   ـپ   ـپـ   پــ
Q   q Q   q Q   q ق   ـق   ـقـ   قــ
R   r R   r Р   р ر   ـر  
rr Nîne Р’   р’ ڕ   ـڕ
S   s S   s C   c س   ـس   ـسـ   ســ
Sh   Sh Ş   ş Ш  ш ش   ـش   ـشـ   شــ
T   t T   t T   т ت   ـت   ـتـ   تــ
U   u U   u Ö   ö و   ـو   ئو
Ú   ú Û   û У   у وو   ـوو
Ù   ù Nîne Нинэ نییه‌تی
V   v V   v B   в ڤ   ـڤ   ـڤـ   ڤـ
W   w W   w W   w و   ـو
X   x X   x X    x خ   ـخ   ـخـ   خـ
Y   y Y   y Й  й ى   ئى   ـيـ   يـ
Z   z Z   z З   з ز   ـز
(H' h')* H  h h’   h ح   ـح   ـحـ   حـ
(E' e')* E  e Ә   ә ع   ـع   ـعـ   عـ
(X' x')* X  x Ѓ   ѓ غ   ـغ   ـغـ   غـ
(Kh  kh)* K  k Ќ   ќ  ** نییه‌تی
(Ph  ph)* P  p П’  п’  ** نییه‌تی
(Th  th)* T  t Т’  т’  ** نییه‌تی

visit  conversion tools section for conversion between these alphabets

* rear cases for local dialect adjustment only

** Kurdish-Cyrillic aspirated cases (Please see FAQ section)

  1. See a comparison of Kurdish, Persian, Arabic and Turkish Alphabet
  2. The Unified version (Yekgirtú) proposed by KAL has been chosen carefully among ISO-8859-1 international standard codes with Unicode Scripting layout for Basic Latin and Latin One.
  3. The Script alphabet for Northern Kurdish dialect (Kurmanjí) follows the International recognized standard for Turkish language ISO-8859-9, with Unicode Scripting layout for Basic Latin and Unicode Basic Extended Group A.
  4. The Script alphabet for Northern Kurdish dialect (Red Kurmanjí) follows the International recognized standard for Cyrillic Scripting group ISO-8859-5, with Unicode Scripting layout for Basic Latin Cyrillic.
  5. The Script alphabet for Central Kurdish dialect (Soraní) follows partly the International recognized standard for Arabic language ISO-8859-6 and some none standard extensions, with Unicode Scripting layout for Arabic Scripting.

Prepared by Dr Dilan M.R. Roshani

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