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Kurdish Uplift Society

The Kurdish Uplift Society organization which was involved in language planning was founded by Ma'ruf Jiyawuk in Baghdad in 1930. Yaney Serkewtiní Kurdan (Kurdish Uplift Society) was a "literary club" not involved in politics in any way (Article 2), and aiming at "scientific and educational endeavors through guidance and propagation of the Kurdish language and its revival by means of composing, translating, and education of the Kurds..." (Yaney Serkewtin 1930: 1).

Like its predecessor, Yane led a turbulent life; the license was acquired "after much struggle and trouble" (Yaney Serkewtin 1943-44:27). Financial and political restrictions were most prominent before 1958, while political fragmentation, i.e., the allegiance of the leadership and members to various parties, were inhibiting factors in the more liberal environment of 1958-61 (Rojhí Niwé, Vol. 1, No. 5, 1960, pp. 26-28). Government control over this cultural organization under the Republican regime was as rigid as in the Monarchical period. The Society's elections, for example, had to be authorized by the military governor of Baghdad (Híwa, Vol. 4, No. 31, p. 53). Like other political and cultural organizations, Yane was dissolved after the beginning of the 1961 autonomist war. Its main contribution to standardization was the publication of the monthly Híwa, which contained modern literary, mostly prose, works and research articles on the Kurdish language.

Sources: Prof. A. Hassanpour, "Nationalism and Language in Kurdistan 1918 - 1985", UAS 1992